Coming off our month long Judge Drake Series, I sat down this morning to comb through Westlaw for new Subchapter V opinions. I found a couple, but they can wait. What really got my attention was an opinion from Bankruptcy Judge Scott Clarkson (C.D. Cal). The case is In re Summit Financial, Inc., 2021 WL 5173331 (Bankr. C.D. Cal. Nov. 5, 2021). You can find the opinion here.

We attribute Judge Clarkson as having issued the very first substantive Subchapter V opinion. Technically, his November opinion relates to a Sub V debtor, but the issue is far more universal, and kind of scary, too: Is it ever plagiarism or, at least, unethical to copy/paste from other attorneys’ pleadings? Possibly.

Continue Reading Is it Ever Plagiarism to Use Other Attorneys’ Work Product?

Today we wrap-up our month-long series on Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. Click here if you missed the first five posts. In this post, we finally get to Judge Drake’s #1 most cited Chapter 11 confirmation opinion, Metrocraft Publishing, a 37 year old disclosure statement opinion involving Paul Bonapfel before he was Bankruptcy Judge Bonapfel. And if you stick around, we’ve got a bonus paragraph or two about EMD, LLC v. Stabilis Fund II, LLC (2014), a 35 page (!) Till opinion that, while missing inexplicably from Westlaw, might be Judge Drake’s hidden masterpiece on confirmation issues.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 6 (#1)


As you can’t help but know by now, we’ve been covering Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. Click here if you missed the first four posts. We’ll wrap-up Judge Drake’s Top 10 Chapter 11 confirmation opinions by Tuesday, with today’s post covering #2. We’re excited to have financial advisor and Till expert Richard Gaudet, of GGG Partners in Atlanta, reverse engineer in this post Judge Drake’s pre-Till analysis 30 years later, because why not? And for some New York Times worthy trivia about Judge Drake’s chambers, see below in the conclusion.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 5 (#2)

(Judge Drake and former SBLI/Drake Prof. Michael Sabbath)

Thanksgiving’s over, Christmas is fast approaching, and we’re finally near the finish line for our first Bankruptcy Judges segment. To start, we’ve been covering Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. If you know Judge Drake, then you’ll agree that he’d likely be a little impatient at this point. “Mr. Bury, I think the Court understands your argument. Let’s wrap this up”—is something I heard a few times, especially after a third or fourth “Finally, Your Honor…” To wrap it up then, we’ll cover his three most cited Chapter 11 confirmation opinions by Monday, starting with #3 today. If you missed the introduction, you’ll find it here. We covered #10 through #6 here. And #5 and 4 here and here.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 4 (#3)


(Kate B.’s “Turkey Art”) (2015)

On Thanksgiving no less (one of my favorite days to post), we continue our series about Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. I’m running out of neat Judge Drake pictures so we’ll reuse Kate’s (abstract) Thanksgiving art instead.

You can find the introductory post here. After that, we covered the first half of Judge Drake’s Top 10 Chapter 11 confirmation opinions (#10 through #6) here. And then we covered #5 here. Today we’ll just cover #4 because it’s so extensive and I need to pick up our Fincher’s turkey by 11. We’ll wrap it up with the Top 3 by month-end.

With that, here is Judge Drake’s fourth most cited and perhaps his most scholarly and extensive confirmation opinion.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 3 (#4)

We continue this week with our Bankruptcy Judges series. Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. is the focus. You can find the introductory post here. Last week we covered the first half of Judge Drake’s Top 10 Chapter 11 confirmation opinions (i.e., #10 through #6). You can find it here. And this week, we continue with the second half. However, rather than combining the #5 to #1 opinions all in one post, we figured we’d experiment with one case per post for a shorter post that’s easier to digest. Here is Judge Drake’s fifth most cited confirmation opinion.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 2 (#5)

A couple of weeks ago, we kicked off a Bankruptcy Judges series, with the first part of the series being devoted to Georgia’s Ret. Judge W. Homer Drake, Jr. While the feedback  has been very positive, I attribute at least 90% of it to readers’ affection for Judge Drake that he earned over 53 years on the bench and 10% or less to my efforts to curate those years into an interesting opening profile. We now turn to the more serious business of covering (some of) Judge Drake’s 555 bankruptcy opinions.

As we encountered in our unlikely bankruptcy profiles of Justice Scalia, Justice Ginsburg, and Justice Gorsuch, transitioning from the profile to the decisions must be, if you’re doing it right, a little underwhelming. Nevertheless, over the next couple of weeks we’ll slice and dice our “JU(Drake)” Westlaw search to find the most educational and interesting parts. In this post, we’ll cover Judge Drake’s most cited confirmation-related Chapter 11 opinions in a Top 10 format.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Top 10 Confirmation Opinions – Part 1 (#10 to #6)

Is this “clickbait,” as they call it? Sort of. Almost exactly two years ago, we found an excuse to blog about the Houston Astros as they were heading into World Series Game 7 against the Washington Nationals. Before that, we found a more direct October excuse to blog about the formerly-bankrupt Cubs (2016) and the formerly-bankrupt Dodgers (2017).

Our 2019 hook was more indirect, that being the Astros’ entrenched Chapter 11 valuation fight in Houston Regional Sports Network’s Texas Chapter 11 case. The Astros weren’t bankrupt, but it was close enough because they and the Houston Rockets (the “Teams” as they call themselves) had formed the debtor for broadcasting their games. Thus, they were inevitably tangled-up in the 2013 Chapter 11 case and, as we learned this week, it continues.

As we explained in greater detail two years ago, Texas Bankruptcy Judge Marvin Isgur was tasked, on remand from the Fifth Circuit, to resolve a valuation fight regarding an Affiliation Agreement. In short, was it, under § 1111(b), of “inconsequential value” as of the petition date based on its proposed use and disposition? To answer that question, Judge Isgur concluded that he needed to answer at least two questions in the coming months:

  • What was the fair market value of the Agreement to the reorganized debtor on the plan effective date?
  • What adjustments, if any, should be made to determine the fair market value as of the petition date?

When we left it, the parties had five months of discovery in the lead-up to a March 16, 2020 valuation hearing. That was two years ago. Where does it stand now? Unfortunately, not much has changed. An unsuccessful “meet and concur” led to a December 2019 discovery status conference. That resulted in Judge Isgur ordering competing briefs on a novel bankruptcy valuation issue which, when resolved, should also resolve the parties’ discovery dispute. The parties briefed it in January 2020 but then the March 2020 valuation hearing came off for at least one reason and possibly three reasons.

First, the Houston Chronicle reported in July 2020 that the hearing came off, at a minimum, due to COVID. Second, the discovery issue appears to have been fully briefed and still under consideration as of March 2020. Finally, as the parties reminded the Court at the December 2019 status conference, not one document had been exchanged through that date. In short, some or all of the discovery appears to be on pause while the parties wait for a ruling.

As of today, they’re about 21 months (!) out from the original 2020 briefing without a decision if, indeed, a decision is forthcoming. There is no indication that the parties settled the valuation dispute and, at least as of January 2021, the Houston Chronicle, in itemizing all pending litigation matters involving the Astros, reported that it was still pending.

For now then, we’ll leave you with the transcript from the 2019 status conference and the related briefing (see below), only because they (i) highlight an interesting valuation methodology issue and, most importantly, (ii) help justify another October baseball post. After all, following our 2019 Astros post, the Nationals went on to win it. We’re not bashful about hoping for the same sort of good luck for the Braves as they take the series back to Atlanta with the series tied-up, 1-1—although tonight’s weather isn’t looking good.

As background, one or more of the parties were seeking discovery about internal projections that had been conducted after the relevant valuation date but using data that was relevant to the immediate valuation.

Comcast summarized the disputed requests this way in its brief:

The parties’ remaining disputes . . . relate to discovery that the Teams contend is germane to the valuation of Comcast’s Affiliation Agreement under a purported replacement value theory. In particular, the Teams seek ‘drop analyses’ (i.e., analyses by Comcast Cable seeking to estimate the number of customers who potentially would stop subscribing to Comcast Cable, and the financial impact of losing such customers, if Comcast Cable decided to stop carrying a particular network) . . .

In considering the discovery dispute at the status conference, Judge Isgur sheepishly used a paternity  analogy to articulate the puzzling issue, i.e., if a court had determined that a defendant was the father of a child before DNA testing was available and a year later, DNA testing became available, would the court conform to the newly-available science?

More directly, Judge Isgur stated it this way:

And so what I’m hearing now is just an interesting question that I really haven’t thought through, which is, you know, what happens if a different way of looking at the world develops later, but it’s better. Am I supposed to use the better way or am I supposed to use an inferior way if that was the best that people had thought of at the time?

The formal briefs that followed are here, here, here, and here.

We’ll keep watching this one. In the meantime, our next post in the Judge Drake series comes out on Monday. If you missed part one, then you can find it here. Please subscribe for future posts.


In what I hope will turn into an ongoing Bankruptcy Judges series, bring Plan Proponent out of an unintentional COVID hiatus, and highlight the blog’s “new look” on the LexBlog platform, this is the kickoff post for a weekly series on Georgia’s very own Hon. W. Homer Drake, Jr., likely the longest or second longest serving bankruptcy judge after 1960, if not in all of U.S. history. As we are prone to focus on, the series will emphasize Judge Drake’s opinions. But first an introduction.

On January 31, 2021, Judge Drake retired after over 53 years on the bench, first as a “referee in bankruptcy” (read: a judge) starting in 1964 and then continuing as a bankruptcy judge starting in 1979. In honor of Judge Drake’s retirement, U.S. District Court Judge Timothy Batten described Judge Drake as “one of the all-time preeminent bankruptcy judges in the United States”—high praise from the “upstairs judge” who often quipped that everyday people in Newnan, Georgia would see them at lunch and assume that Judge Batten was Judge Drake’s law clerk.

Beyond that, though, where do you start? Judge Drake’s resume is unapproachable in its breadth, especially for this Macon lawyer who practiced in front of him for just the last fifth of his tenure. While I’ll do my very best, I’m hoping that our Georgia readers, in particular, will not be bashful about setting me straight or pointing out what I may have missed.

Continue Reading Judges Series – Judge Homer Drake’s Bankruptcy Opinions – Introduction

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg died last Friday. She was 87. Politics aside, she was a legal giant on the world’s most powerful court . . . That’s a cheap introduction to our first blog post since March, as I simply adapted it from the opening lines of our February 2016 tribute to Justice Scalia. The parallels are bittersweet because, famously, Scalia and Ginsburg were close friends; the parallels are frustrating because of their similarly enormous political ramifications.

Continue Reading Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s Bankruptcy Opinions